This question may also be stated, "What were you paid in your last job?" for those who are not currently employed.
Although these questions are illegal to ask in many locations in the USA (see the list below), this question is still asked by many employers.
Obviously, a very careful response is required.
Like the salary expectation question, this question is usually asked very early in the hiring process, as part of the application or near the beginning of a job interview.
Asking for your current salary is inappropriate because it is for a different job in a different environment. In addition, this question is illegal for an employer to ask in several locations (listed below).
Many employers ask instead for your salary expectation, which is a much more appropriate question. Know that salaries are part of an employer's "total compensation package" which includes benefits like vacation, bonuses, healthcare coverage, and other elements which might (or might NOT) offset a salary that seems too low.
Do your research to be well-prepared for this question -- know what most employers pay people in your location (or your target location) to do this job. If possible, research on Salary.com and Glassdoor.com and other sites to see what this employer pays employees who do this job.
Below find strategies and sample answers for the current-salary question.
The current salary question may be asked at different points in the hiring and interview process:
The application form may contain a field for "Current Salary." You have several options:
NOTE: If you don't put a number in this field, your application may ignored, particularly if the form is online or automated --
For tips on where and how to research salaries to develop an appropriate target salary, read Research Your Target Salary Range Before the Interview.
If you are feeling brave (or annoyed), you may want to consider going on the offensive and asking them why the salary paid by a different employer is relevant to a company which pays employees fairly. This may end the opportunity quickly, however.
I recommend choosing one of these responses:.
As I am sure you understand, my employer considers employee salaries to be confidential, and access to this information is limited to management inside our organization. So, I am unable to share it with you. However, if you share the salary level and range for this position, I can confirm that my salary is within that range or not.
I will share my salary expectations with you, and we can see if it fits into your salary range for this position.
I don't think that my current salary is relevant, but if you must have that information, I will provide it after you share the salary level and range for this job.
Hopefully, the employer will recognize that this response is a logical request to exchange confidential information, and not continue to request that you provide your current salary. If they do insist, tell them you will comply after you receive the information you requested.
Or, requesting to postpone the discussion may be the best strategy --
I have done my initial homework, and salary information on the Internet indicates I’m in the range. For now we should assume that salary won’t be an issue. Plus, I need to understand the full extent of the opportunity and the benefits you provide to employees plus what the salary range is for this role.
Some employers will continue to push for an answer, so consider these last two options:
If your response above doesn't stop them from pursuing your salary, you may lose the opportunity with the employer unless you give them the information they require. Your choice.
When you are interviewing with an employer, the salary a previous employer paid you is not relevant, except as a negotiation advantage for the employer.
In a job search, this question is asked by two different people: one is usually acceptable, but the other is not:
If the question is asked in a area where it is illegal (see below), you can ask the employer if they understand that the question is not legal. If they say yes but continue to pursue an answer, you need to decide if you want to work in an organization that does not pay attention to the law.
Some employers request a copy of the job candidate's most recent W-2 form which provides the salary details for the previous year's income. I would strongly resist providing that information until the employer has given you a written job offer.
If you do provide a copy of your W-2, be sure to black out your Social Security Number and address to protect your privacy and address ID theft concerns.
Sharing what a different employer paid you for a different job benefits only the potential employer for the salary negotiation.
By asking this question, an employer is making it clear that they do not worry about "internal equity" in compensating their employees, so consider if you actually want to work in such an organization.
You may be paid thousands of dollars more for a job (or thousands of dollars less) that a colleague simply because your previous employer paid well (or poorly).
Each employer's profitability and reputation, budget, management, other staff, work tools and resources, policies and procedures, as well as the "total compensation package" (like vacation time, bonuses, etc.), and many other things are different -- often very different -- with different employers.
These differences mean that comparing the salary paid by a previous employer with what the new employer may pay is not "an apples-to-apples comparison."
Instead of providing your salary, use one of the responses in the Sample Answers, above, to dodge the question. Or dodge the employer who insists on an answer to this inappropriate question.
Recognizing that this question is an inappropriate attempt to bully job seekers for the salary negotiation, several parts of the USA have made this question illegal. The effort to protect job candidate salary history seems to be expanding. The expectation is that new employees will be paid more fairly when they are protected by this law.
Two states have limited local governmental ability to block the salary history question: Michigan and Wisconsin.
Research to find how the law works in your location even if your location is not on the list above. If you voluntarily tell the prospective employer your current salary information, the laws likely do not apply, and the employer may be able to use the information before making you an offer.
For an updated list on the states and other entities which have rules that apply, check the details on Salary History Bans on HRdive.com.
Be sure check for the current laws in your location to see if the question is now illegal in your area, too. [Read How to Answer the Salary Expectation Question for more details and strategies for successfully answering that question.]
As with all illegal questions, this may still be asked by unknowing interviewers or by interviewers who are consciously breaking the law. Have your answer ready, and decide if you want to work for an employer who ignores -- or doesn't know -- the law.
Refusing to answer may cost you the opportunity, but asking an illegal question in a job interview may be a sign of how everything is managed in that organization. Not working in that organization may be a good outcome. Again, your choice.
Your starting salary is impacted by your interest in the job/employer, your negotiation skills, and your willingness to try to negotiate as well as by the employer’s interest in hiring you.
Understand that "your mileage may vary." If the employer isn’t very interested (or has many other people they could hire), they probably won’t do much negotiation. If they are very interested in you, they will negotiate. Many employers expect to negotiate starting salaries. However, some do not want to negotiate and may even withdraw a job offer if pressed for a higher starting salary.