[This is Step 5 in Part 2 of Job-Hunt's Online Job Search Tutorial.]
PULLing networking and job leads to you often results in better offers. The PUSH techniques will usually generate opportunities more quickly than PULL, but, if you have the time and are extremely uncomfortable meeting strangers, the PULL techniques may be a better "fit"for you. Even if you are comfortable with PUSH, employing some of the PULL techniques may increase your perceived market value.
1.) PUSH - Reach out to the hidden job market.
2.) PULL - Bring the hidden job market to you (this post) by being more visible where recruiters and potential employers can find you.
3.) MAINTAIN - Keep your network alive for next time.
Become visible to potential employers so that they come to you.
When done carefully, these tactics are now often called building your "personal brand."
Done intentionally, with a focus and understanding of the right keywords for you and your goals, these tactics help to increase your "personal SEO" as well.
Done well and effectively, you'll never need to look for a job again. Your next job will find you!
Most employers are buried with job applications from unqualified applicants, so they are turning to the Internet, particularly LinkedIn and Google, to find people who seem qualified for their jobs. To be successful, you need to be find-able.
Start with your name. Your name is your most important set of keywords!
Find and use a "clean" version of your name for your online job search activities, including your LinkedIn Profile, resumes, business cards, etc. Today, your job search might be sabotaged by someone else's misbehavior -- that recruiter who searches LinkedIn won't know you aren't the bank robber, if the name on your resume is that same as the bank robber's. Another important aspect of online reputation management.
Particularly these days with social media so incredibly popular, you already have a "personal brand" whether or not you want to call it that. The point is to start managing it in a purposeful way that will help you in your career.
Make your professional focus clear.
Don't present yourself as a construction project manager on LinkedIn and a plumber on Facebook. Employers will compare and will be leary of -- or confused by -- someone who doesn't present a consistent image. Consistency across all online venues is very important, and what you present online must be clearly aligned with what you present offline, from business cards and name tags to paper resumes.
Check out the excellent Guide to Personal Branding articles written by Job-Hunt's Personal Branding Expert for how-to's on creating and managing your personal brand. Practice Defensive Googling regularly to be sure that someone with the same name you are using isn't damaging your reputation.
Since a job search is really an exercise in "personal marketing," read the free ebook on how to create and implement your own personal marketing plan.
Some options to consider, and don't limit yourself to only one of these activities:
This is becoming more and more important and useful for job seekers. Sites like LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook, etc. offer people the opportunity to create public profiles that are becoming increasingly important as sources for recruiters.
Your LinkedIn Profile is an extremely valuable and visible presentation to the web (and to employers and recruiters) about you, and the best part is that you put into your LinkedIn Profile what you want to make visible. See the excellent articles in Job-Hunt's Guide to LinkedIn for Job Search for more information.
Be extremely careful of what you post on LinkedIn and other social networking sites. Protect your reputation. As famous What-Color-Is-Your-Parachute author Dick Bolles said, "Google is the new resume." Recent studies have shown that more than 90% of recruiters search the Internet for information about a job applicant before inviting them in for an interview.
If you are only planning to do one of the PULL activities, this is the one to choose. For visibility in most professions, a solid linkedIn Profile is not optional. Read 7 Elements of an Effective LinkedIn Profile for very helpful tips.
Not comfortable talking in front of a group? You can also establish your command of a topic by writing an article that appears in a publication read by your target employer (or employer group).
Most professional and industry associations have newsletters and/or Web sites that need content, even some businesses (isn't there a small newsletter-type publication included with your phone bill?). Contact the editor or Webmaster to find out what they need.
An article doesn't need to be long. Just be sure that it is accurate, spelled correctly, and uses good grammar before you submit it. Best - have someone with good writing and spelling skills look at your article to be sure it makes sense before you submit it.
Focus on writing about a subject that demonstrates your professional knowledge and skill, and presents you in the best light as a valuable addition to a potential employer's staff.
Read Publishing on LinkedIn: Gain Both Visibility and Credibility and Build Your Personal Brand by Blogging on LinkedIn for more information.
Demonstrate your knowledge and intelligence by posting relevant (perhaps a teensy controversial, sometimes?) comments in public places. Build your credibility and your personal brand.
LinkedIn's Groups are an excellent venue for demonstrating your knowledge and expertise as well as your ability to communicate in writing. LinkedIn members can join up to 100 Groups, so join Groups for your industry, profession, schools, companies, location, hobbies, and more. Join the Groups that are for your industry or profession (or your school's alumni association) in your location.
Participate carefully! Don't be cranky in a LinkedIn Group, and don't confuse LinkedIn with Facebook when it comes to sharing personal information and opinions.
Learn more about leveraging LinkedIn Groups for your job search: Connect with Recruiters Using LinkedIn Groups.
Set up Google Alerts (see Job-Hunt's Google Alerts article for how to do it) on the topics of greatest interest to you, and Google will contact you when something in the top 20 to 50 search results changes. That will give you notice of something that might be worth one of your incisive comments.
Quora.com is a very popular site where people pose questions on almost any topic, and other people answer those questions. Becoming a trusted source on a specific topic can provide excellent visibility as well as great credibility with Quora's vast community of users.
To start, register and complete the Quora profile. To get started, choose your "Interests," and "follow" the topics that are relevant for you. Read "How to follow a topic" for the process. Then, read the questions posted, and the most popular answers. You may find people you want to follow, as well as discovering questions you can answer.
Then, build your credibility and audience in Quora by providing careful and thoughtful answers to questions on topics that are good ones for you. Popular answers receive "upvotes" from those in the Quora community who liked those answers, which brings more attention to the people who provided the answers.
My recommendation is to read and observe for a while before jumping in to ask or answer a question. Some topics are controversial, with more heated opinions, but most topics are not. Upvote carefully, but sincerely.
Building a group of followers provides credibility as well as excellent visibility in that circle. People with a large number of followers typically get additional visibility inside of Quora when they answer questions.
Teach a class online or in person.
The visibility is wider but less personal if you post an instructional video on YouTube or a presentation slide file on SlideShare.net. But, Google owns YouTube and LinkedIn owns SlideShare, so these files will be included in Google's search results when someone searches for your name or your topic.
Search through YouTube and SlideShare using terms related to your field:
When you find a need that you can fill, create your own video or slide deck (PowerPoint or other presentation software). Be sure to include a slide making your name and contact information visible. Then, post the file, connected to your professional name.
To build your local network and reputation, look for community-based adult education provided somewhere in your area. Then, see if you can teach something for them in your area of expertise.
Get a copy of their course catalog, and see what they are offering. Is there a subject you could teach that they don't offer but might want to offer? You may be able to offer a one- or two-session "workshop" or "seminar" if you have a topic that is interesting. Just be sure that it is a topic you know very well and one that demonstrates your knowledge and professionalism.
A local college or university may need an "adjunct" instructor for specific subjects, and may be open to someone "outside" the faculty providing the instruction. Don't expect to support yourself and your family on the money made from teaching these classes, but do expect to be paid something for your time and effort.
Focus on teaching a subject that demonstrates your professional knowledge and skill, and presents you in the best light as a valuable addition to a potential employer's staff.
Associations, societies, and local business groups have meetings, and meetings usually need speakers. If you can talk knowledgeably about a topic of interest to the group, they may be interested in having you speak. You may only need a 30 or 45 minute talk, probably with a few minutes to answer audience questions. Just be sure the topic is a subject you know very well. Groups like Toastmasters and National Speakers Association can provide you with information, guidance, and practice giving your speech.
Focus on speaking about a subject that demonstrates your professional knowledge and skill, and presents you in the best light as a valuable addition to a potential employer's staff.
Some speakers are paid quite handsomely for their speeches and market their availability to be a speaker on LinkedIn.
If you have someone record your speech, turn it into a podcast or a video which can be posted on iTunes or YouTube, etc.
Post public reviews of books and other items on Amazon. Be sure you have read the book, watched the movie, used the product (etc.) before you write the review so you can do it intelligently.
Write thoughtful, helpful reviews. Use your "Real Name" (Amazon will show you how) to build your brand recognition and reputation, and, again, doing this carefully will build your credibility.
If you write enough good reviews, you may be invited to join the Amazon Vine program where you will be given free products to review, with no obligation to write a positive review.
Writing a book takes much more time than writing an article, obviously, but the payoff can be bigger as well. Then, you can attach your resume to a copy of your book, and get much more attention!
If you want to write a book but don't have a publisher or agent beating down your door, consider self-publishing. It's a quicker way to get your book in print, too. MANY famous (and rich) authors started as self-published. More about self-publishing:
Amazon currently offers "Kindle Singles" which are shorter than most books, perhaps more appealing in today's short-attention-span times. These are ebooks in the Kindle format between 5,000 and 30,000 words. Here's more about Amazon Kindle Singles.
You've learned ways to reach out to potential employers (PUSH) and ways to make yourself visible so that employers approach you (PULL, above).
Now, learn techniques for keeping your network alive so that it's there the next time you need it (MAINTAIN).
Online job search expert Susan P. Joyce has been observing the online job search world and teaching online job search skills since 1995. A veteran of the United States Marine Corps and a recent Visiting Scholar at the MIT Sloan School of Management, Susan is a two-time layoff “graduate” who has worked in human resources at Harvard University and in a compensation consulting firm. Since 1998, Susan has been editor and publisher of Job-Hunt.org. Follow Susan on Twitter at @jobhuntorg and on Facebook, LinkedIn, and Google+.