For most people, job boards are NOT the solution to their job search, and many job seekers waste too much time on them. However, ignoring job boards completely is not a good idea, either, so you need to be a savvy user of job sites to have the safest job search.
Choose the job sites you
use very carefully! Not every site is a legitimate job site,
or a good site, even if it's listed in Job-Hunt (we are very
careful of the sites we list, but the site or the domain can be
sold and the site may degrade as a result).
Note: We haves found completely bogus "job sites" - no jobs at all, just resume collection. If we've found some, more exist. We've also found fake employer websites, fake jobs, and more scams, too. So, BE CAREFUL! Trust AFTER you verify!
Criteria for Choosing the Best Job Board for You
The 6 "Safety" Criteria
If a site fails any of these tests, do not use it. Find another one. Simple as that.
1. Who owns the site?
Look for contact information on the site. Not just a form for visitors to complete to ask a question, but a name, address, and phone number(s). Then, verify that the contact information is genuine:
- Google the address and phone numbers. Are they apparently real?
- Check the business name in Superpages.com business listings, if they provide a business name.
- If they don't provide the name, but they do provide a phone number, use the Superpages "advanced search" to do a lookup by phone number. Does it show the business and/or location claimed by the website?
- As a last resort, call one of the phone numbers to see if someone answers from the organization running the site.
Don't use a site if there is no contact information, or if you cannot verify that the business name and contact information are genuine.
If there is no contact information visible on the site, check the domain name in DomainTools.com for ownership information.
If the domain name ownership is "private," the email address is "firstname.lastname@example.org," or the ownership is private "by proxy," don't use it.
2. What does Google tell you about it?
Google the site's name to see what Google shows you.
- If there is no information in Google about the site, be extremely cautious! It could be a brand new site (and thus have few or low quality jobs), or it could be bogus.
- If the only information in Google are links to job postings, be extremely cautious.
Does Google show news about it? What do the news articles say? If Google shows you nothing about a site or if what it shows on the first 3 or 4 pages of search results is mostly negative, move on.
3. Do you have to "register" before you can search through the jobs?
Find another site -- thousands of Web job sites are available that allow you to try before you join.
Pay particular attention to what happens to your resume!
Some alleged job sites seem to exist only to collect your contact information (e-mail address, home address, phone number, etc.) so that they can sell the information to companies that will bombard you with advertising or worse. You provide a lot of very personal information to job sites, and you need to know how it will be used.
Do not assume that a TRUSTe, BBBonline, or other "privacy seal" program ensures that your privacy is protected!! I have seen sites that fake their authorization to use the seal.
You must verify the seal before you trust it. Click on the seal, and the link should take you to a page on the privacy seal organization's website that is specifically about the job site displaying the seal you just clicked. So, if you clicked on a link on the privacy seal displayed on JoesGreatNewJobSite.com, the page should have information specifically about JoesGreatJobSite.com.
- If the seal not clickable, the seal is not legitimate.
- If clicking on the seal takes you to the privacy seal organization's home page, rather than a page about the job site, the seal is not legitimate.
See Job-Hunt's Avoiding online Job Search Scams article for a tutorial on domain names and URL's.
5. Who has access to the database of resumes?
Don't be impressed by (or use) a website that offers employers "free access" to resumes! That free access is an invitation to scammers and less ethical marketers to collect your personal information for their own use. It may be good for them, but it's not good for you!
Check out the "employer" side of the job site to see how easy it is to gain access to the resumes. If resume access is free, or only a nominal fee is charged for access to the resumes, find another job site.
Easily accessible resume databases may well cause an increase in junk e-mail and/or the increase in identity theft and other fraud involving personal information.
6. Can you limit access to your personal contact information?
The best sites provide you with options to protect your contact information (name, e-mail address, street address, phone numbers, etc.). Options range from blocking access only to the contact information to keeping your resume completely out of the resume database searched by employers. Choose the option that works best for you. If you are currently employed, limiting access can help you protect your existing job.
(See the Cyber-Safe Resume section for tips on transforming your standard resume into a Cyber-Safe Resume for protection.)
Yes, blocking access to your contact information may make it more difficult for an employer to reach you quickly, but it can also add to your market value in the eyes of an employer. You may be viewed as someone with a good job to protect and/or someone who is a knowledgeable Web user.
The 10 "Effectiveness" Criteria -
1. Does the
site charge you for access to job opportunities?
Very rarely should a job seeker pay for access to open jobs, online
or offline. In general, if there is a charge to the job seeker,
find another site.
sites for "executives" do charge a fee. Before you pay, look for
some written guarantees of the quality (and, maybe, the exclusivity)
of the opportunities plus recent references from satisfied clients.
The only other online exceptions that seem legitimate are the
Web sites of associations and societies. These sites may provide
job opportunities (or resume posting) only for members. In that
case, you may want to join the association, if you are interested in the association
anyway and plan to attend meetings, interact with the members online, get access to special information and reports, or gain some other additional benefit from your membership.
2. Is the
site easy to use?
You should be able to easily find a way to search for the jobs
you want - specifying the location and the type of job (by keyword
or some other method of choosing). When you've found a job you
like, it should be easy for you to apply for it. If you want
to post your resume, that should be an easy process, too. And
there should be easy-to-follow directions in case you get lost
If you feel
inept or uncomfortable using a site, don't use it, no matter
how "famous" or highly recommended it is. You and
the site may just not have "good chemistry," and you
won't go be able to leverage its capabilities. So, don't waste
your time. Move on to one that is easy for you to use.
the site work properly (e.g., search capability, resume editing,
If you search for jobs located in Chicago, Illinois, the job
site should show you jobs in the Chicago area, if it has any.
Some large employers have jobs open in many locations, so you
may get a few jobs in your search results that don't appear,
at first glance, to be specifically in the geography you want.
But most of them should fit your search criteria.
If the results
don't match what you have requested, check for hints or help,
and read them before you try again. Typically, on a search engine
or other search site, your first few searches just help you
understand better how to use the search capability so that you
can get what you want.
If you still don't get what you want
after 4 or 5 tries, then either the site does not have the jobs
you want, or the search function doesn't work properly (yes,
that happens!). So, time to move on.
the site have the jobs you want -- the "right" industry,
profession, employer, and location for you?
If you are looking for an social media marketing job in Silicon Valley
with a company working on projects for major websites, a site for construction
jobs in Oregon won't do you much good. The name of the site
may give you a clue about its relevance to your job search (e.g.,
ComputerJobs.com), but you might not really know for sure until
you poke around in the site. Try searching for the job you want,
and see what you find. The job search capability should enable
you to fine tune your search so that the results are appropriate
don't have the jobs you want, move on. Don't waste your time
or risk your privacy by posting your resume and hoping some
appropriate jobs appear at some later date.
5. Are the
jobs "fresh" or old?
Do a search, or browse through the listings if you can. Do the
jobs have posting dates associated with them? Have jobs been
posted recently? Be a little suspicious if the jobs are undated
or if all the jobs were posted "today" unless thousands and thousands of jobs are listed.
a job posted last week, last month, or even last quarter, may
still be open, and may be just the right job for you. However,
in general, you should see jobs with a wide range of dates,
and, depending on the size of the site, several jobs opened
each week day.
dates aren't obvious, check the "Employers" section
of the site. Frequently, the pricing section will explain how
long a job posting will remain active. Job postings are usually
purchased for 30 or 60 days, sometimes longer, so that's usually
the oldest age of any job posting you may see.
Sometimes small niche sites (e.g. a site for PHP programmers
in western Massachusetts) or failing sites have trouble getting
enough jobs to post. Then, you may find VERY old jobs posted.
You should probably avoid those sites, too, unless that niche
is exactly what you are seeking, and you know that job postings are scarce.
6. Are most
of the jobs posted by employers or agencies acting on behalf
In general, jobs posted directly by an employer are preferable
because you will be dealing directly with the people who can
Of course, some employers want anonymity for competitive reasons, and other employers don't have the recruiting staff available. So working directly with the employer is not always possible.
Additionally, if an agency sends your resume to an
employer, you may be at a competitive disadvantage in comparison
with a direct applicant. An applicant provided by an agency
will cost the employer more to hire than an applicant who comes
to the employer directly, even if the salary is exactly the
same for both. So, all things being equal, the direct applicant
will more likely be hired than the agency applicant because the fee paid
to the agency to find the applicant raises the cost of the new employee.
7. Can you
set up one or more "e-mail agents" that will send matching
jobs to you when you are not at the site?
E-mail agent functions typically compare your requirements with
new employer job postings and send you the results via e-mail
if they find a match. So, you don't need to revisit the site yourself
and run your search. Your "agents" will do the searching
for you, and send you the results. You may need to return to the
site to get the details about the job and to apply for it through
the job site, but the search process is on automatic pilot.
8. Can you
store more than one version of your resume so that you can customize
your resume for specific kinds of jobs?
Many sites offer you the ability to store several different resumes
and apply for a job using the version of your resume you have
developed for that specific kind of opportunity. This capability
can save you time and effort.
The days of a one-size-fits-all resume is largely past.
9. Will you
be able to edit your resume once you have posted it?
You shouldn't run into this very often anymore, but check to see
if there is an "edit/update" option for you to access
your resume. You can always find ways to improve your resume,
and it's a good idea to "refresh" your resume every week, or at least every month. The site should allow you to do updates.
10. Will you
be able to delete your resume after you have found a job?
You don't want that old resume still available for view. If your
new employer finds it, they may be concerned that you are getting
ready to leave. If someone else finds it, they will see all of
your personal professional information as well as your address
and phone number.
sites provide you with the capability to delete your resume
and account or to put your resume in an "inactive"
mode until you are ready for your next job search.
MANY employment sites want to have your resume in their database;
you should be choosy about the sites you use. Download or print Job-Hunt's free ebooklet, Choosing Safe Job Boards to keep.
Protecting Your Privacy and the Cyber-Safe
Resume sections for additional information.
About the author...
Online job search expert Susan P. Joyce has been observing the online job search world and teaching online job search skills since 1995. Susan is a two-time layoff "graduate" who has worked in human resources at Harvard University and in a compensation consulting firm. In 1998, her company, NETability, Inc. purchased Job-Hunt.org, and Susan has been editor and publisher of Job-Hunt since then. Follow Susan on Twitter at @jobhuntorg and on Google+.
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